WEFOUNDFantasy Science Field Trips

Science (from Latin scientia , meaning "knowledge") [2] [3] : 58 is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe . [a]

Contemporary science is typically subdivided into the natural sciences which study the material world , the social sciences which study people and societies, and the formal sciences like mathematics . Some do not consider formal sciences to be true science as theories within these disciplines cannot be tested with physical observations, [4] : 54 although others dispute this view. [5] Disciplines which use science like engineering and medicine may also be considered to be applied sciences . [6] Science is related to research , and is normally organized by a university , a college , or a research institute .

From classical antiquity through the 19th century, science as a type of knowledge was more closely linked to philosophy than it is now and, in fact, in the West the term " natural philosophy " encompassed fields of study that are today associated with science such as physics , astronomy , medicine , among many others. [7] : 3 [b] In the 17th and 18th centuries scientists increasingly sought to formulate knowledge in terms of laws of nature . As a slow process over centuries, the word "science" became increasingly associated with what is today known as the scientific method , a structured way to study the natural world. [8] [9]