WEFOUNDInsects in Relation to National Defense: Ants, Wasps, and Other Insects (Classic Reprint)

It may be that the intrinsic rates of increase in some species are so high that they can ‘afford’ large migration losses, and a simple distance-maximizing strategy represents the best option.

The CBDO strategy, mentioned above, achieves a compromise between moving rapidly and moving in a PDM [ 35 ]. The strategy has been well studied in some larger migratory moths in the UK, particularly A. gamma [ 13 , 16 , 36 , 53 , 54 ], where it has the following characteristics:

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