WEFOUNDConstantine, No.1: The New 52


Recently the writer had an opportunity to examine a most important hoard of 158 late Palaeologan silver coins, of which no fewer than 90 were of Constantine XI and represented all three denominations. As might be expected, the appearance of so many completely new coins has produced much fascinating information. The rarity of the half-stavraton, or quar- ter-hyperperon *, the only previously known denomination for this emperor, is surprising, as is the fact that Constantine's early issues bear sigla or secret marks. One coin of Constantine in the hoard shares an obverse die with a coin of John VIII.

* 28 Redesdale Street London SW3 4BJ 1. T. Bertelè, Numismatique byzantine, Wetteren, 1978, p. 86-88; P. Grierson, Byzantine Coins, London 1982, p. 290; S. Bendall and P. J. Donald, Later Palaeologan Coinage, London, 1979, p. 176, no. 1.

Recently the writer had an opportunity to examine a most important hoard of 158 late Palaeologan silver coins, of which no fewer than 90 were of Constantine XI and represented all three denominations. As might be expected, the appearance of so many completely new coins has produced much fascinating information. The rarity of the half-stavraton, or quar- ter-hyperperon *, the only previously known denomination for this emperor, is surprising, as is the fact that Constantine's early issues bear sigla or secret marks. One coin of Constantine in the hoard shares an obverse die with a coin of John VIII.

* 28 Redesdale Street London SW3 4BJ 1. T. Bertelè, Numismatique byzantine, Wetteren, 1978, p. 86-88; P. Grierson, Byzantine Coins, London 1982, p. 290; S. Bendall and P. J. Donald, Later Palaeologan Coinage, London, 1979, p. 176, no. 1.

The Grand Imperial Council of Scotland of The Imperial, Religious and Military Order of Rome and the Red Cross of Constantine, Holy Sepulchure and St. John the Evangelist, having its Headquarters at Perth.

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