WEFOUNDDari Alphabet


As defined in the Constitution of Afghanistan , it is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan; the other is Pashto. [13] Dari is the most widely spoken language in Afghanistan after Pashto and the native language of approximately 15–30% [2] [3] [4] of the population , serving as the country's lingua franca . [4] The Iranian and Afghan types of Persian are mutually intelligible, with differences found primarily in the vocabulary and phonology.

By way of Early New Persian, Dari Persian, like Iranian Persian and Tajik , is a continuation of Middle Persian , the official religious and literary language of the Sassanian Empire (224–651 CE), itself a continuation of Old Persian , the language of the Achaemenids (550–330 BC). [14] [15] In historical usage, Dari refers to the Middle Persian court language of the Sassanids . [16]

Dari is a name given to the New Persian language since the 10th century, widely used in Arabic (compare Al-Estakhri , Al-Muqaddasi , and Ibn Hawqal ) and Persian texts. [17]

Both Pashto and Dari are written primarily with the Arabic alphabet, however, there are some modifications. Pashto literature saw a massive rise in development in the 17th century, mostly due to poets like Khushal Khan Khattak, who is known today as the national poet of Afghanistan. Other noteworthy Pashto poets in history were Rahman Baba, and the founder of the modern Afghan nation, Ahmad Shah Abdali.

Dari also has an extensive literature, actually, some of the worlds greatest poems have been written in Dari. Dari poems by Jalaluddin Rumi have been translated from its original Dari versions to numerous other languages, and is widely read even in the west. Many powerful kingdoms of the past such as those of the Moghuls in India, primarily used Dari in their royal courts.

As defined in the Constitution of Afghanistan , it is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan; the other is Pashto. [13] Dari is the most widely spoken language in Afghanistan after Pashto and the native language of approximately 15–30% [2] [3] [4] of the population , serving as the country's lingua franca . [4] The Iranian and Afghan types of Persian are mutually intelligible, with differences found primarily in the vocabulary and phonology.

By way of Early New Persian, Dari Persian, like Iranian Persian and Tajik , is a continuation of Middle Persian , the official religious and literary language of the Sassanian Empire (224–651 CE), itself a continuation of Old Persian , the language of the Achaemenids (550–330 BC). [14] [15] In historical usage, Dari refers to the Middle Persian court language of the Sassanids . [16]

Dari is a name given to the New Persian language since the 10th century, widely used in Arabic (compare Al-Estakhri , Al-Muqaddasi , and Ibn Hawqal ) and Persian texts. [17]

Both Pashto and Dari are written primarily with the Arabic alphabet, however, there are some modifications. Pashto literature saw a massive rise in development in the 17th century, mostly due to poets like Khushal Khan Khattak, who is known today as the national poet of Afghanistan. Other noteworthy Pashto poets in history were Rahman Baba, and the founder of the modern Afghan nation, Ahmad Shah Abdali.

Dari also has an extensive literature, actually, some of the worlds greatest poems have been written in Dari. Dari poems by Jalaluddin Rumi have been translated from its original Dari versions to numerous other languages, and is widely read even in the west. Many powerful kingdoms of the past such as those of the Moghuls in India, primarily used Dari in their royal courts.

About one-third of the population of Afghanistan, i.e. , about 5,000,000 people (Tadzhik, Uzbak, Turkman, Hazarah, Some Pashtoon), speak Dari. It is the primary language of the Tadzhik, Hazara, and Chahar Aimak peoples.

This is the first Farsi lesson. For those who are, to some extent, familiar with these basics of Persian language, it might seem redundant. Nevertheless, as mentioned above, we are going to learn Persian from the very scratch that I think will be more helpful. Little by little, we will make great progress to begin advanced Persian that will let you communicate with others in Persian in both oral and written. In near future, you will find yourself speaking, reading, and even writing in Persian. These all can only be achieved through practicing these simple steps, which make learning as easy as possible.

Like anything else, you’ll have to learn some basics first, and it’s inevitable! In these lessons, I have tried hard to simplify the rules as much as possible. However, it’s a new language for you and requires at least a little bit of effort if not very much! All you have to do is be patient and follow the instructions one by one. In the meantime, we are going to learn the Persian letters and the way they are pronounced and of course we will do it step by step to make sure that everything is quite clear. After you got a little familiarity with some basics you would see that it’s really as easy as 1, 2, 3.

2. Persian consists of 32 letters. Some of them have small and big form like A / a in English while others have only one form. You don’t need to memorize all of them now. Just be patient enough to learn it one by one. In the end you’ll see your progress.

As defined in the Constitution of Afghanistan , it is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan; the other is Pashto. [13] Dari is the most widely spoken language in Afghanistan after Pashto and the native language of approximately 15–30% [2] [3] [4] of the population , serving as the country's lingua franca . [4] The Iranian and Afghan types of Persian are mutually intelligible, with differences found primarily in the vocabulary and phonology.

By way of Early New Persian, Dari Persian, like Iranian Persian and Tajik , is a continuation of Middle Persian , the official religious and literary language of the Sassanian Empire (224–651 CE), itself a continuation of Old Persian , the language of the Achaemenids (550–330 BC). [14] [15] In historical usage, Dari refers to the Middle Persian court language of the Sassanids . [16]

Dari is a name given to the New Persian language since the 10th century, widely used in Arabic (compare Al-Estakhri , Al-Muqaddasi , and Ibn Hawqal ) and Persian texts. [17]

Both Pashto and Dari are written primarily with the Arabic alphabet, however, there are some modifications. Pashto literature saw a massive rise in development in the 17th century, mostly due to poets like Khushal Khan Khattak, who is known today as the national poet of Afghanistan. Other noteworthy Pashto poets in history were Rahman Baba, and the founder of the modern Afghan nation, Ahmad Shah Abdali.

Dari also has an extensive literature, actually, some of the worlds greatest poems have been written in Dari. Dari poems by Jalaluddin Rumi have been translated from its original Dari versions to numerous other languages, and is widely read even in the west. Many powerful kingdoms of the past such as those of the Moghuls in India, primarily used Dari in their royal courts.

About one-third of the population of Afghanistan, i.e. , about 5,000,000 people (Tadzhik, Uzbak, Turkman, Hazarah, Some Pashtoon), speak Dari. It is the primary language of the Tadzhik, Hazara, and Chahar Aimak peoples.

As defined in the Constitution of Afghanistan , it is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan; the other is Pashto. [13] Dari is the most widely spoken language in Afghanistan after Pashto and the native language of approximately 15–30% [2] [3] [4] of the population , serving as the country's lingua franca . [4] The Iranian and Afghan types of Persian are mutually intelligible, with differences found primarily in the vocabulary and phonology.

By way of Early New Persian, Dari Persian, like Iranian Persian and Tajik , is a continuation of Middle Persian , the official religious and literary language of the Sassanian Empire (224–651 CE), itself a continuation of Old Persian , the language of the Achaemenids (550–330 BC). [14] [15] In historical usage, Dari refers to the Middle Persian court language of the Sassanids . [16]

Dari is a name given to the New Persian language since the 10th century, widely used in Arabic (compare Al-Estakhri , Al-Muqaddasi , and Ibn Hawqal ) and Persian texts. [17]


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