WEFOUNDLost Tribes and Promised Lands: The Origins of American Racism


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The ten lost tribes were the ten of the twelve tribes of ancient Israel that were said to have been deported from the Kingdom of Israel after its conquest by the Neo-Assyrian Empire circa 722 BCE. [1] These are the tribes of Reuben , Simeon , Dan , Naphtali , Gad , Asher , Issachar , Zebulun , Manasseh and Ephraim . Claims of descent from the "lost" tribes have been proposed in relation to many groups, [2] and some religions espouse a messianic view that the tribes will return.

In the 7th and 8th centuries CE, the return of the lost tribes was associated with the concept of the coming of the messiah . [3]

The Jewish historian Josephus (37–100 CE) wrote that "the ten tribes are beyond the Euphrates till now, and are an immense multitude and not to be estimated in numbers". [4]

Open Library is an initiative of the Internet Archive , a 501(c)(3) non-profit, building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form.
Other projects include the Wayback Machine , archive.org and archive-it.org

Open Library is an initiative of the Internet Archive , a 501(c)(3) non-profit, building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form.
Other projects include the Wayback Machine , archive.org and archive-it.org

The ten lost tribes were the ten of the twelve tribes of ancient Israel that were said to have been deported from the Kingdom of Israel after its conquest by the Neo-Assyrian Empire circa 722 BCE. [1] These are the tribes of Reuben , Simeon , Dan , Naphtali , Gad , Asher , Issachar , Zebulun , Manasseh and Ephraim . Claims of descent from the "lost" tribes have been proposed in relation to many groups, [2] and some religions espouse a messianic view that the tribes will return.

In the 7th and 8th centuries CE, the return of the lost tribes was associated with the concept of the coming of the messiah . [3]

The Jewish historian Josephus (37–100 CE) wrote that "the ten tribes are beyond the Euphrates till now, and are an immense multitude and not to be estimated in numbers". [4]

Lost Tribes and Promised Lands by Ronald Sanders is an exciting, thought-provoking, perplexing, and often infuriating book. This volume is the author’s contribution to the growing body of writings on the origins of American racism. Sanders traces those origins to the period from the late fourteenth century to the mid-seventeenth century and concentrates his attention on the major colonizing powers—Spain, Portugal, England, France, and Holland.

On June 4, 1391, an outbreak of anti-Jewish rioting in Seville marked the beginning of a series of pogroms all over Spain. In Cordova, Toledo, Madrid, Majorca, Cuenca, Burgos, and other cities, Jews were killed, synagogues were looted or turned into Christian churches, Jewish communities were destroyed, and Jews were given the options of death, conversion, or flight. Such anti-Semitism accompanied the last phase of the Reconquista which culminated in the expulsion of the Moors and the Jews from Spain and the triumph of militant Christendom throughout the Iberian Peninsula.

The Inquisition was employed mercilessly and brutally against conversos who were caught practicing Judaism. Moreover, in order to guarantee the purity of office holders, the test of limpieza de sangre was employed to require that Christians seeking promotion and office must prove that they had no taint of Jewish blood. Conversos became a...


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