WEFOUNDA Letter from the Author of the Argument Against a Standing Army, to the Author of the Balancing Letter (Classic Reprint)


In March 1959, Ronald K. Jones had fallen hopelessly in love. He had invited to the formal spring dance the homecoming queen at the University of Oklahoma and, much to his surprise, she accepted. Doctor Zhivago  was her favorite novel, so Jones decided he would make himself an expert in all things Zhivago .

He read it not once, not twice, but three times, memorizing key passages, all designed to impress “the most beautiful girl on campus.” His strategy appeared to work until two days before the dance, when she informed him, abruptly, jarringly, that she would not be going with him, but rather, with someone else.

Devastated, and all by himself on the night of the dance, Jones, now 80, pulled out his manual typewriter and began drafting a letter to Boris Pasternak, the acclaimed author of Doctor Zhivago .

In March 1959, Ronald K. Jones had fallen hopelessly in love. He had invited to the formal spring dance the homecoming queen at the University of Oklahoma and, much to his surprise, she accepted. Doctor Zhivago  was her favorite novel, so Jones decided he would make himself an expert in all things Zhivago .

He read it not once, not twice, but three times, memorizing key passages, all designed to impress “the most beautiful girl on campus.” His strategy appeared to work until two days before the dance, when she informed him, abruptly, jarringly, that she would not be going with him, but rather, with someone else.

Devastated, and all by himself on the night of the dance, Jones, now 80, pulled out his manual typewriter and began drafting a letter to Boris Pasternak, the acclaimed author of Doctor Zhivago .

Science is a weekly, peer-reviewed journal that publishes significant original scientific research, plus reviews and analyses of current research and science policy. We seek to publish papers that are influential in their fields or across fields and that will substantially advance scientific understanding. Selected papers should present novel and broadly important data, syntheses, or concepts. We welcome submissions from all fields of science and from any source.

Manuscripts should be submitted at our manuscript submission and information portal https://cts.sciencemag.org . The status of submitted manuscripts can also be tracked at this portal.

Authors should familiarize themselves with the overall editorial policies for the  Science  Journals before submitting their paper. These policies spell out the rights and responsibilities that authors agree to when submitting and publishing their papers. Access this information here .

A writer is a person who uses written words in various styles and techniques to communicate their ideas. Writers produce various forms of literary art and creative writing such as novels, short stories, poetry, plays, screenplays, and essays as well as various reports and news articles that may be of interest to the public. Writers' texts are published across a range of media. Skilled writers who are able to use language to express ideas well often contribute significantly to the cultural content of a society. [1]

The term "writer" is also used elsewhere in the arts – such as songwriter – but as a standalone "writer" normally refers to the creation of written language. Some writers work from an oral tradition .

Writers can produce material across a number of genres, fictional or non-fictional. Other writers use multiple media – for example, graphics or illustration – to enhance the communication of their ideas. Another recent demand has been created by civil and government readers for the work of non-fictional technical writers, whose skills create understandable, interpretive documents of a practical or scientific nature. Some writers may use images (drawing, painting, graphics) or multimedia to augment their writing. In rare instances, creative writers are able to communicate their ideas via music as well as words. [2]

Form letters are examples of appropriate letters for various situations. Please find below the text of Form letter A: To author regarding a published article. You can copy this text and adjust it to your needs. The template is also available in Word or PDF format.

This form letter is used in the following decision trees:

1. Authorship complaints
2. Plagiarism complaints
3. Multiple, duplicate, concurrent publication/Simultaneous submission
4. Research results misappropriation
5. Allegations of research errors and fraud
6. Research standards violations
7. Undisclosed conflicts of interest

Concern has been raised about the publication of the article listed above, for which you are the corresponding author. As the editor of the journal, I must take seriously any allegation raised that if true would violate the journal's policies (set out in our ethical statements, instructions to the author, and the like).

If you want to use copyrighted material in your own published work (whether a print book, magazine, or online venue), then it may be necessary to request formal permission for its use. And whether you really need to request permission depends on whether your use would fall under fair use guidelines .

Determining what’s fair use is a gray area, and depends on your risk tolerance. To eliminate all possible risk, then it’s best to either ask for permission or eliminate use of the copyrighted material in your own work. Here’s a flowchart that can help you evaluate what you might need to ask permission for.

If you’re concerned about your risk, you can also search for the rights owner’s name and the keyword “lawsuit” or “copyright” to see if they’ve tried to sue anyone. However, just because someone hasn’t sued yet doesn’t mean they won’t sue you.

In March 1959, Ronald K. Jones had fallen hopelessly in love. He had invited to the formal spring dance the homecoming queen at the University of Oklahoma and, much to his surprise, she accepted. Doctor Zhivago  was her favorite novel, so Jones decided he would make himself an expert in all things Zhivago .

He read it not once, not twice, but three times, memorizing key passages, all designed to impress “the most beautiful girl on campus.” His strategy appeared to work until two days before the dance, when she informed him, abruptly, jarringly, that she would not be going with him, but rather, with someone else.

Devastated, and all by himself on the night of the dance, Jones, now 80, pulled out his manual typewriter and began drafting a letter to Boris Pasternak, the acclaimed author of Doctor Zhivago .

Science is a weekly, peer-reviewed journal that publishes significant original scientific research, plus reviews and analyses of current research and science policy. We seek to publish papers that are influential in their fields or across fields and that will substantially advance scientific understanding. Selected papers should present novel and broadly important data, syntheses, or concepts. We welcome submissions from all fields of science and from any source.

Manuscripts should be submitted at our manuscript submission and information portal https://cts.sciencemag.org . The status of submitted manuscripts can also be tracked at this portal.

Authors should familiarize themselves with the overall editorial policies for the  Science  Journals before submitting their paper. These policies spell out the rights and responsibilities that authors agree to when submitting and publishing their papers. Access this information here .

A writer is a person who uses written words in various styles and techniques to communicate their ideas. Writers produce various forms of literary art and creative writing such as novels, short stories, poetry, plays, screenplays, and essays as well as various reports and news articles that may be of interest to the public. Writers' texts are published across a range of media. Skilled writers who are able to use language to express ideas well often contribute significantly to the cultural content of a society. [1]

The term "writer" is also used elsewhere in the arts – such as songwriter – but as a standalone "writer" normally refers to the creation of written language. Some writers work from an oral tradition .

Writers can produce material across a number of genres, fictional or non-fictional. Other writers use multiple media – for example, graphics or illustration – to enhance the communication of their ideas. Another recent demand has been created by civil and government readers for the work of non-fictional technical writers, whose skills create understandable, interpretive documents of a practical or scientific nature. Some writers may use images (drawing, painting, graphics) or multimedia to augment their writing. In rare instances, creative writers are able to communicate their ideas via music as well as words. [2]

Form letters are examples of appropriate letters for various situations. Please find below the text of Form letter A: To author regarding a published article. You can copy this text and adjust it to your needs. The template is also available in Word or PDF format.

This form letter is used in the following decision trees:

1. Authorship complaints
2. Plagiarism complaints
3. Multiple, duplicate, concurrent publication/Simultaneous submission
4. Research results misappropriation
5. Allegations of research errors and fraud
6. Research standards violations
7. Undisclosed conflicts of interest

Concern has been raised about the publication of the article listed above, for which you are the corresponding author. As the editor of the journal, I must take seriously any allegation raised that if true would violate the journal's policies (set out in our ethical statements, instructions to the author, and the like).

In March 1959, Ronald K. Jones had fallen hopelessly in love. He had invited to the formal spring dance the homecoming queen at the University of Oklahoma and, much to his surprise, she accepted. Doctor Zhivago  was her favorite novel, so Jones decided he would make himself an expert in all things Zhivago .

He read it not once, not twice, but three times, memorizing key passages, all designed to impress “the most beautiful girl on campus.” His strategy appeared to work until two days before the dance, when she informed him, abruptly, jarringly, that she would not be going with him, but rather, with someone else.

Devastated, and all by himself on the night of the dance, Jones, now 80, pulled out his manual typewriter and began drafting a letter to Boris Pasternak, the acclaimed author of Doctor Zhivago .

Science is a weekly, peer-reviewed journal that publishes significant original scientific research, plus reviews and analyses of current research and science policy. We seek to publish papers that are influential in their fields or across fields and that will substantially advance scientific understanding. Selected papers should present novel and broadly important data, syntheses, or concepts. We welcome submissions from all fields of science and from any source.

Manuscripts should be submitted at our manuscript submission and information portal https://cts.sciencemag.org . The status of submitted manuscripts can also be tracked at this portal.

Authors should familiarize themselves with the overall editorial policies for the  Science  Journals before submitting their paper. These policies spell out the rights and responsibilities that authors agree to when submitting and publishing their papers. Access this information here .

A writer is a person who uses written words in various styles and techniques to communicate their ideas. Writers produce various forms of literary art and creative writing such as novels, short stories, poetry, plays, screenplays, and essays as well as various reports and news articles that may be of interest to the public. Writers' texts are published across a range of media. Skilled writers who are able to use language to express ideas well often contribute significantly to the cultural content of a society. [1]

The term "writer" is also used elsewhere in the arts – such as songwriter – but as a standalone "writer" normally refers to the creation of written language. Some writers work from an oral tradition .

Writers can produce material across a number of genres, fictional or non-fictional. Other writers use multiple media – for example, graphics or illustration – to enhance the communication of their ideas. Another recent demand has been created by civil and government readers for the work of non-fictional technical writers, whose skills create understandable, interpretive documents of a practical or scientific nature. Some writers may use images (drawing, painting, graphics) or multimedia to augment their writing. In rare instances, creative writers are able to communicate their ideas via music as well as words. [2]

In March 1959, Ronald K. Jones had fallen hopelessly in love. He had invited to the formal spring dance the homecoming queen at the University of Oklahoma and, much to his surprise, she accepted. Doctor Zhivago  was her favorite novel, so Jones decided he would make himself an expert in all things Zhivago .

He read it not once, not twice, but three times, memorizing key passages, all designed to impress “the most beautiful girl on campus.” His strategy appeared to work until two days before the dance, when she informed him, abruptly, jarringly, that she would not be going with him, but rather, with someone else.

Devastated, and all by himself on the night of the dance, Jones, now 80, pulled out his manual typewriter and began drafting a letter to Boris Pasternak, the acclaimed author of Doctor Zhivago .

Science is a weekly, peer-reviewed journal that publishes significant original scientific research, plus reviews and analyses of current research and science policy. We seek to publish papers that are influential in their fields or across fields and that will substantially advance scientific understanding. Selected papers should present novel and broadly important data, syntheses, or concepts. We welcome submissions from all fields of science and from any source.

Manuscripts should be submitted at our manuscript submission and information portal https://cts.sciencemag.org . The status of submitted manuscripts can also be tracked at this portal.

Authors should familiarize themselves with the overall editorial policies for the  Science  Journals before submitting their paper. These policies spell out the rights and responsibilities that authors agree to when submitting and publishing their papers. Access this information here .


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