WEFOUNDThe Austro-Hungarian Forces in World War I 2 1916–18 Men-at-Arms v. 2


Austria-Hungary was a multinational state and one of the world's great powers at the time. Austria-Hungary was geographically the second-largest country in Europe after the Russian Empire , at 621,538 km 2 (239,977 sq mi), [5] and the third-most populous (after Russia and the German Empire ). The Empire built up the fourth-largest machine building industry of the world, after the United States , Germany, and the United Kingdom . [6] Austria-Hungary also became the world's third largest manufacturer and exporter of electric home appliances, electric industrial appliances and power generation apparatus for power plants, after the United States and the German Empire. [7] [8]

After 1878, Bosnia and Herzegovina was under Austro-Hungarian military and civilian rule [9] until it was fully annexed in 1908, provoking the Bosnian crisis among the other powers. [10] Sandžak/Raška , de jure northern part of the Ottoman Sanjak of Novi Pazar (in modern-day Montenegro and Serbia), was also under de facto joint occupation during that period but the Austro-Hungarian army withdrew as part of their annexation of Bosnia. [11] The annexation of Bosnia also led to Islam being recognized as an official state religion due to Bosnia's Muslim population. [12]

Austria-Hungary was one of the Central Powers in World War I . It was already effectively dissolved by the time the military authorities signed the armistice of Villa Giusti on 3 November 1918. The Kingdom of Hungary and the First Austrian Republic were treated as its successors de jure , whereas the independence of the West Slavs and South Slavs of the Empire as the First Czechoslovak Republic , the Second Polish Republic and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia , respectively, and most of the territorial demands of the Kingdom of Romania were also recognized by the victorious powers in 1920.

Austria-Hungary , also called Austro-Hungarian Empire or Austro-Hungarian Monarchy , byname Dual Monarchy , German Österreich-Ungarn , Österreichisch-Ungarisches Reich, Österreichisch-Ungarische Monarchie, or Doppelmonarchie , the Habsburg empire from the constitutional Compromise (Ausgleich) of 1867 between Austria and Hungary until the empire’s collapse in 1918.

The economic consequences of the defeat in the war of 1866 made it imperative that the constitutional reorganization of the Habsburg monarchy, under discussion since 1859, be brought to an early and successful conclusion. Personnel changes facilitated the solution of…

A brief treatment of the history of Austria-Hungary follows. For full treatment, see Austria: Austria-Hungary, 1867–1918 .

Austria-Hungary was a multinational state and one of the world's great powers at the time. Austria-Hungary was geographically the second-largest country in Europe after the Russian Empire , at 621,538 km 2 (239,977 sq mi), [5] and the third-most populous (after Russia and the German Empire ). The Empire built up the fourth-largest machine building industry of the world, after the United States , Germany, and the United Kingdom . [6] Austria-Hungary also became the world's third largest manufacturer and exporter of electric home appliances, electric industrial appliances and power generation apparatus for power plants, after the United States and the German Empire. [7] [8]

After 1878, Bosnia and Herzegovina was under Austro-Hungarian military and civilian rule [9] until it was fully annexed in 1908, provoking the Bosnian crisis among the other powers. [10] Sandžak/Raška , de jure northern part of the Ottoman Sanjak of Novi Pazar (in modern-day Montenegro and Serbia), was also under de facto joint occupation during that period but the Austro-Hungarian army withdrew as part of their annexation of Bosnia. [11] The annexation of Bosnia also led to Islam being recognized as an official state religion due to Bosnia's Muslim population. [12]

Austria-Hungary was one of the Central Powers in World War I . It was already effectively dissolved by the time the military authorities signed the armistice of Villa Giusti on 3 November 1918. The Kingdom of Hungary and the First Austrian Republic were treated as its successors de jure , whereas the independence of the West Slavs and South Slavs of the Empire as the First Czechoslovak Republic , the Second Polish Republic and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia , respectively, and most of the territorial demands of the Kingdom of Romania were also recognized by the victorious powers in 1920.

Austria-Hungary , also called Austro-Hungarian Empire or Austro-Hungarian Monarchy , byname Dual Monarchy , German Österreich-Ungarn , Österreichisch-Ungarisches Reich, Österreichisch-Ungarische Monarchie, or Doppelmonarchie , the Habsburg empire from the constitutional Compromise (Ausgleich) of 1867 between Austria and Hungary until the empire’s collapse in 1918.

The economic consequences of the defeat in the war of 1866 made it imperative that the constitutional reorganization of the Habsburg monarchy, under discussion since 1859, be brought to an early and successful conclusion. Personnel changes facilitated the solution of…

A brief treatment of the history of Austria-Hungary follows. For full treatment, see Austria: Austria-Hungary, 1867–1918 .

Models:

  • Austro-Daimler Panzerwagen
  • Junovicz Armored Car (P.A.1)
  • Romfell Armored Car (P.A.2)

The German-speaking Austro-Hungarian Empire entered the war as a natural ally of the Central Powers. But, contrary to the German Empire, it was an uneasy bicephalic kingdom ruling over a dozen of minorities with vastly different cultures and languages. Political tensions were high and the memory of the Balkan war was still fresh.

In the Balkans in particular, nationalistic undergound movements triggered bombings and a famous assassination. The Archduke Franz Ferdinand was murdered by young Serb activist and anarchist Gavrilo Prinzip, operating for the Mlada Bosna, supported by the larger “black hand” movement in Sarajevo. The Archduke was, on 28 June 1914, visiting the city in an open coach, passing by narrow streets with a distracted protection, and was already attacked by a group of 6 nationalists including Prinzip. A grenade was launched but missed, but the Archduke resumed his visit to the hospital, while the group scattered.

Later on, Prinzip, alone, found the convoy one more time and drew his pistol. The Archduke was shot at very close range and fatally wounded. He died the same day. Prinzip was immediately arrested and thrown in jail pending trial. Soon after, anti-Serbian riots erupted, largely organized by Muslim-origin Schutzkorps militias. Actions also erupted against Serbs in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The Austro-Hungarian Army ( German : Landstreitkräfte Österreich-Ungarns ; Hungarian : Császári és Királyi Hadsereg ) was the ground force of the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy from 1867 to 1918. It was composed of three parts: the joint army ( Gemeinsame Armee , " Common Army ", recruited from all parts of the country), the Imperial Austrian Landwehr (recruited from Cisleithania ), and the Royal Hungarian Honved (recruited from Transleithania ).

In the wake of fighting between the Austrian Empire and the Hungarian Kingdom and the two decades of uneasy co-existence following, Hungarian soldiers served either in mixed units or were stationed away from Hungarian areas. With the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 the new tripartite army was brought into being. It existed until the disestablishment of the Austro-Hungarian Empire following World War I in 1918.

The joint "Imperial and Royal Army" ( kaiserlich und königliche Armee or k.u.k. ) units were generally poorly trained and had very limited access to new equipment because the governments of the Austrian and Hungarian parts of the empire often preferred to generously fund their own units instead of outfitting all three army branches equally. All of the Honvédség and the Landwehr regiments were composed of three battalions, while the joint army k.u.k. regiments had four.

Austria-Hungary was a multinational state and one of the world's great powers at the time. Austria-Hungary was geographically the second-largest country in Europe after the Russian Empire , at 621,538 km 2 (239,977 sq mi), [5] and the third-most populous (after Russia and the German Empire ). The Empire built up the fourth-largest machine building industry of the world, after the United States , Germany, and the United Kingdom . [6] Austria-Hungary also became the world's third largest manufacturer and exporter of electric home appliances, electric industrial appliances and power generation apparatus for power plants, after the United States and the German Empire. [7] [8]

After 1878, Bosnia and Herzegovina was under Austro-Hungarian military and civilian rule [9] until it was fully annexed in 1908, provoking the Bosnian crisis among the other powers. [10] Sandžak/Raška , de jure northern part of the Ottoman Sanjak of Novi Pazar (in modern-day Montenegro and Serbia), was also under de facto joint occupation during that period but the Austro-Hungarian army withdrew as part of their annexation of Bosnia. [11] The annexation of Bosnia also led to Islam being recognized as an official state religion due to Bosnia's Muslim population. [12]

Austria-Hungary was one of the Central Powers in World War I . It was already effectively dissolved by the time the military authorities signed the armistice of Villa Giusti on 3 November 1918. The Kingdom of Hungary and the First Austrian Republic were treated as its successors de jure , whereas the independence of the West Slavs and South Slavs of the Empire as the First Czechoslovak Republic , the Second Polish Republic and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia , respectively, and most of the territorial demands of the Kingdom of Romania were also recognized by the victorious powers in 1920.

Austria-Hungary was a multinational state and one of the world's great powers at the time. Austria-Hungary was geographically the second-largest country in Europe after the Russian Empire , at 621,538 km 2 (239,977 sq mi), [5] and the third-most populous (after Russia and the German Empire ). The Empire built up the fourth-largest machine building industry of the world, after the United States , Germany, and the United Kingdom . [6] Austria-Hungary also became the world's third largest manufacturer and exporter of electric home appliances, electric industrial appliances and power generation apparatus for power plants, after the United States and the German Empire. [7] [8]

After 1878, Bosnia and Herzegovina was under Austro-Hungarian military and civilian rule [9] until it was fully annexed in 1908, provoking the Bosnian crisis among the other powers. [10] Sandžak/Raška , de jure northern part of the Ottoman Sanjak of Novi Pazar (in modern-day Montenegro and Serbia), was also under de facto joint occupation during that period but the Austro-Hungarian army withdrew as part of their annexation of Bosnia. [11] The annexation of Bosnia also led to Islam being recognized as an official state religion due to Bosnia's Muslim population. [12]

Austria-Hungary was one of the Central Powers in World War I . It was already effectively dissolved by the time the military authorities signed the armistice of Villa Giusti on 3 November 1918. The Kingdom of Hungary and the First Austrian Republic were treated as its successors de jure , whereas the independence of the West Slavs and South Slavs of the Empire as the First Czechoslovak Republic , the Second Polish Republic and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia , respectively, and most of the territorial demands of the Kingdom of Romania were also recognized by the victorious powers in 1920.

Austria-Hungary , also called Austro-Hungarian Empire or Austro-Hungarian Monarchy , byname Dual Monarchy , German Österreich-Ungarn , Österreichisch-Ungarisches Reich, Österreichisch-Ungarische Monarchie, or Doppelmonarchie , the Habsburg empire from the constitutional Compromise (Ausgleich) of 1867 between Austria and Hungary until the empire’s collapse in 1918.

The economic consequences of the defeat in the war of 1866 made it imperative that the constitutional reorganization of the Habsburg monarchy, under discussion since 1859, be brought to an early and successful conclusion. Personnel changes facilitated the solution of…

A brief treatment of the history of Austria-Hungary follows. For full treatment, see Austria: Austria-Hungary, 1867–1918 .

Models:

  • Austro-Daimler Panzerwagen
  • Junovicz Armored Car (P.A.1)
  • Romfell Armored Car (P.A.2)

The German-speaking Austro-Hungarian Empire entered the war as a natural ally of the Central Powers. But, contrary to the German Empire, it was an uneasy bicephalic kingdom ruling over a dozen of minorities with vastly different cultures and languages. Political tensions were high and the memory of the Balkan war was still fresh.

In the Balkans in particular, nationalistic undergound movements triggered bombings and a famous assassination. The Archduke Franz Ferdinand was murdered by young Serb activist and anarchist Gavrilo Prinzip, operating for the Mlada Bosna, supported by the larger “black hand” movement in Sarajevo. The Archduke was, on 28 June 1914, visiting the city in an open coach, passing by narrow streets with a distracted protection, and was already attacked by a group of 6 nationalists including Prinzip. A grenade was launched but missed, but the Archduke resumed his visit to the hospital, while the group scattered.

Later on, Prinzip, alone, found the convoy one more time and drew his pistol. The Archduke was shot at very close range and fatally wounded. He died the same day. Prinzip was immediately arrested and thrown in jail pending trial. Soon after, anti-Serbian riots erupted, largely organized by Muslim-origin Schutzkorps militias. Actions also erupted against Serbs in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina.


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