WEFOUNDManual for Undertaking National Urban Assessments


Consumer Protection has at its disposal a wide range of enforcement options when dealing with breaches of fair trading legislation. Enforceable undertakings are just one of these options. An enforceable undertaking is a legally binding agreement where the trader or business agrees to do certain things in order to comply with the law.

Enforceable undertakings are an option for significant matters where there are reasonable grounds for believing the trader is willing to cooperate and rectify the situation without the need for litigation. Consumer Protection also publishes other actions on the  compliance actions  page. 

Enforceable undertakings can be a beneficial option, as consumers receive redress quickly and Consumer Protection and the trader cooperate to reach a reasonable solution and prevent future non-compliance.

Consumer Protection has at its disposal a wide range of enforcement options when dealing with breaches of fair trading legislation. Enforceable undertakings are just one of these options. An enforceable undertaking is a legally binding agreement where the trader or business agrees to do certain things in order to comply with the law.

Enforceable undertakings are an option for significant matters where there are reasonable grounds for believing the trader is willing to cooperate and rectify the situation without the need for litigation. Consumer Protection also publishes other actions on the  compliance actions  page. 

Enforceable undertakings can be a beneficial option, as consumers receive redress quickly and Consumer Protection and the trader cooperate to reach a reasonable solution and prevent future non-compliance.

The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions is the official guide that describes in detail the process of preparing and maintaining Cochrane systematic reviews on the effects of healthcare interventions. The current complete version of the Handbook is 5.1 (updated March 2011), edited by Julian Higgins and Sally Green.

All authors should consult the Handbook for guidance on the methods used in Cochrane systematic reviews. The Handbook includes guidance on the standard methods applicable to every review (planning a review, searching and selecting studies, data collection, risk of bias assessment, statistical analysis, GRADE and intepreting results), as well as more specialised topics (non-randomized studies, adverse effects, economics, patient-reported outcomes, individual patient data, prospective meta-analysis, qualitative research, reviews in public health and overviews of reviews).

Further information is also available about the Handbook including supplementary material , information about what's new in each version, updates and corrections and more.


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